At Ark Blacklands, we aim to inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people. Our Geography Curriculum is designed to impart knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.

Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.


We have designed the sequence of learning to start with the world pupils know: their own local environment followed by the United Kingdom (Year 1). As they progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. In Year 2, we expand the pupil’s knowledge and understanding to the whole of the planet; they learn to locate and name the seven continents and the five oceans as well as focussing in on a contrasting location (Peru) and comparing that with their own local area.

In Lower Key stage 2 Pupils extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe (Year 3), North and South America (Year 4). This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

In Upper Key stage 2, pupils go on to study Africa and some of the natural characteristics of the area (including an in-depth study into The Sahara desert and The Nile River) They also explore the impact humans are having upon the planet and significant Global challenges including climate change and deforestation.

Developing Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

Alongside the rich knowledge of the Geography Curriculum, pupils learn Geographical skills, which are ongoing and developed over time. For example, pupils do not study ‘map skills’ just the once and then progress to using a compass. The development of these Geographical skills are ongoing and taught across multiple units of study. There is clear progression within these skills, found at the end of this curriculum document, and a child’s map reading skills in Year 6, with their rich knowledge of the planet, will be more advanced than those taught in years 1 and 2.

PDF iconArk Blacklands Primary Academy Geography Curriculum